Archaeological Cover-ups
   The scientific establishment tends to reject, suppress or ignore evidence that
conflicts with accepted theories, while denigrating or persecuting the messenger.

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Archaeological Cover-ups

Also see The Antikythera Mechanism
    Extracted from Nexus Magazine, Volume 9, Number 3 (April-May 2002)
    PO Box 30, Mapleton Qld 4560 Australia.
    Telephone: +61 (0)7 5442 9280; Fax: +61 (0)7 5442 9381
    From our web page at:

    by Will Hart © 2002

"The Brain Police" and "The Big Lie"

Any time you allege a conspiracy is afoot, especially in the field of science, you are treading on thin ice.
We tend to be very sceptical about conspiracies--unless the Mafia or some Muslim radicals are behind the
alleged plot. But the evidence is overwhelming and the irony is that much of it is in plain view.

The good news is that the players are obvious. Their game plan and even their play-by-play tactics are
transparent, once you learn to spot them. However, it is not so easy to penetrate through the smokescreen
of propaganda and disinformation to get to their underlying motives and goals. It would be convenient if
we could point to a plumber's unit and a boldface liar like Richard Nixon, but this is a more subtle operation.

The bad news: the conspiracy is global and there are many vested interest groups. A cursory investigation
yields the usual suspects: scientists with a theoretical axe to grind, careers to further and the status quo to
maintain. Their modus operandi is "The Big Lie"--and the bigger and more widely publicised, the better.
They rely on invoking their academic credentials to support their arguments, and the presumption is that
no one has the right to question their authoritarian pronouncements that:

                            1. there is no mystery about who built the Great Pyramid or what the methods of
                                construction were, and the Sphinx shows no signs of water damage;
                            2. there were no humans in the Americas before 20,000 BC;
                            3. the first civilisation dates back no further than 6000 BC;
                            4. there are no documented anomalous, unexplained or enigmatic data to take into account;
                            5. there are no lost or unaccounted-for civilisations.

Let the evidence to the contrary be damned!

Personal Attacks: Dispute over Age of the Sphinx and Great Pyramid

In 1993, NBC in the USA aired The Mysteries of the Sphinx, which presented geological evidence
showing that the Sphinx was at least twice as old (9,000 years) as Egyptologists claimed. It has become
well known as the "water erosion controversy". An examination of the politicking that Egyptologists
deployed to combat this undermining of their turf is instructive.

Self-taught Egyptologist John Anthony West brought the water erosion issue to the attention of geologist
Dr Robert Schoch. They went to Egypt and launched an intensive on-site investigation. After thoroughly
studying the Sphinx first hand, the geologist came to share West's preliminary conclusion and they
announced their findings.

Dr Zahi Hawass, the Giza Monuments chief, wasted no time in firing a barrage of public criticism at the
pair. Renowned Egyptologist Dr Mark Lehner, who is regarded as the world's foremost expert on the
Sphinx, joined his attack. He charged West and Schoch with being "ignorant and insensitive". That was a
curious accusation which took the matter off the professional level and put the whole affair on a personal
plane. It did not address the facts or issues at all and it was highly unscientific.

But we must note the standard tactic of discrediting anyone who dares to call the accepted theories into
question. Shifting the focus away from the issues and "personalising" the debate is a highly effective
strategy--one which is often used by politicians who feel insecure about their positions. Hawass and
Lehner invoked their untouchable status and presumed authority. (One would think that a geologist's
assessment would hold more weight on this particular point.)

A short time later, Schoch, Hawass and Lehner were invited to debate the issue at the
AmericanAssociation for the Advancement of Science. West was not allowed to participate
because he lacked the required credentials.

This points to a questionable assumption that is part of the establishment's arsenal: only degreed scientists
can practise science. Two filters keep the uncredentialled, independent researcher out of the loop:
(1) credentials, and (2) peer review. You do not get to number two unless you have number one.

Science is a method that anyone can learn and apply. It does not require a degree to observe
and record facts and think critically about them, especially in the non-technical social sciences.
In a free and open society, science has to be a democratic process.

Be that as it may, West was barred. The elements of the debate have been batted back and forth since
then without resolution. It is similar to the controversy over who built the Giza pyramids and how.

This brings up the issue of The Big Lie and how it has been promoted for generations in front of God and
everyone. The controversy over how the Great Pyramid was constructed is one example. It could be
easily settled if Egyptologists wanted to resolve the dispute. A simple test could be designed and arranged
by impartial engineers that would either prove or disprove their longstanding disputed theory--that it was
built using the primitive tools and methods of the day, circa 2500 BC.

Why hasn't this been done? The answer is so obvious, it seems impossible: they know that
the theory is bogus. Could a trained, highly educated scientist really believe that 2.3 million
tons of stone, some blocks weighing 70 tons, could have been transported and lifted by
primitive methods? That seems improbable, though they have no compunction against lying
to the public, writing textbooks and defending this theory against alternative theories.
However, we must note that they will not subject themselves to the bottom-line test.

We think it is incumbent upon any scientist to bear the burden of proof of his/her thesis; however, the
social scientists who make these claims have never stood up to that kind of scrutiny. That is why we must
suspect a conspiracy. No other scientific discipline would get away with bending the rules of science. All
that Egyptologists have ever done is bat down alternative theories using underhanded tactics. It is time to
insist that they prove their own proposals.

Why would scientists try to hide the truth and avoid any test of their hypothesis? Their motivations are
equally transparent. If it can be proved that the Egyptians did not build the Great Pyramid in 2500 BC
using primitive methods, or if the Sphinx can be dated to 9000 BC, the whole house of cards comes
tumbling down. Orthodox views of cultural evolution are based upon a chronology of civilisation having
started in Sumeria no earlier than 4000 BC. The theory does not permit an advanced civilisation to have
existed prior to that time. End of discussion. Archaeology and history lose their meaning without a fixed
timeline as a point of reference.

Since the theory of "cultural evolution" has been tied to Darwin's general theory of evolution, even more is
at stake. Does this explain why facts, anomalies and enigmas are denied, suppressed and/or ignored?
Yes, it does. The biological sciences today are based on Darwinism.

Pressure Tactics: The Ica Stones of Peru

Now we turn to another, very different case. In 1966, Dr Javier Cabrera received a stone as a gift from a
poor local farmer in his native Ica, Peru. A fish was carved on the stone, which would not have meant
much to the average villager but it did mean a lot to the educated Dr Cabrera. He recognised it as a
long-extinct species. This aroused his curiosity. He purchased more stones from the farmer, who said he
had collected them near the river after a flood.

Dr Cabrera accumulated more and more stones, and word of their existence and potential import reached
the archaeological community. Soon, the doctor had amassed thousands of "Ica stones". The sophisticated
carvings were as enigmatic as they were fascinating. Someone had carved men fighting with dinosaurs,
men with telescopes and men performing operations with surgical equipment. They also contained
drawings of lost continents.

Several of the stones were sent to Germany and the etchings were dated to remote antiquity.
But we all know that men could not have lived at the time of dinosaurs;
Homo sapiens has only existed for about 100,000 years.

The BBC got wind of this discovery and swooped down to produce a documentary about the Ica stones.
The media exposure ignited a storm of controversy. Archaeologists criticised the Peruvian government for
being lax about enforcing antiquities laws (but that was not their real concern). Pressure was applied to
government officials.

The farmer who had been selling the stones to Cabrera was arrested; he claimed to have found them in a
cave but refused to disclose the exact location to authorities, or so they claimed.

This case was disposed of so artfully that it would do any corrupt politician proud. The Peruvian
government threatened to prosecute and imprison the farmer. He was offered and accepted a plea bargain;
he then recanted his story and "admitted" to having carved the stones himself. That seems highly
implausible, since he was uneducated and unskilled and there were 11,000 stones in all. Some were fairly
large and intricately carved with animals and scenes that the farmer would not have had knowledge of
without being a palaeontologist. He would have needed to work every day for several decades to produce
that volume of stones. However, the underlying facts were neither here nor there. The Ica stones were
labelled "hoax" and forgotten.

The case did not require a head-to-head confrontation or public discrediting of non-scientists by scientists;
it was taken care of with invisible pressure tactics. Since it was filed under "hoax", the enigmatic evidence
never had to be dealt with, as it did in the next example.

Censorship of "Forbidden" Thinking: Evidence for Mankind's Great Antiquity

The case of author Michael Cremo is well documented, and it also demonstrates how the scientific
establishment openly uses pressure tactics on the media and government. His book Forbidden Archeology
examines many previously ignored examples of artifacts that prove modern man's antiquity far exceeds the
age given in accepted chronologies.

The examples which he and his co-author present are controversial, but the book became far more
controversial than the contents when it was used in a documentary.

In 1996, NBC broadcast a special called The Mysterious Origins of Man, which featured material from
Cremo's book. The reaction from the scientific community went off the Richter scale. NBC was deluged
with letters from irate scientists who called the producer "a fraud" and the whole program "a hoax".

But the scientists went further than this--a lot further. In an extremely unconscionable sequence of bizarre
moves, they tried to force NBC not to rebroadcast the popular program, but that effort failed. Then they
took the most radical step of all: they presented their case to the federal government and requested the
Federal Communications Commission to step in and bar NBC from airing the program again.

This was not only an apparent infringement of free speech and a blatant attempt to thwart commerce, it
was an unprecedented effort to censor intellectual discourse. If the public or any government agency made
an attempt to handcuff the scientific establishment, the public would never hear the end of it.

The letter to the FCC written by Dr Allison Palmer, President of the Institute for Cambrian Studies,
is revealing:

At the very least, NBC should be required to make substantial prime-time apologies to their viewing
audience for a sufficient period of time so that the audience clearly gets the message that they were
duped. In addition, NBC should perhaps be fined sufficiently so that a major fund for public science
education can be established.

I think we have some good leads on who "the Brain Police" are. And I really do not think "conspiracy" is
too strong a word--because for every case of this kind of attempted suppression that is exposed, 10 others
are going on successfully. We have no idea how many enigmatic artifacts or dates have been labelled
"error" and tucked away in storage warehouses or circular files, never to see the light of day.

Data Rejection: Inconvenient Dating in Mexico

Then there is the high-profile case of Dr Virginia Steen-McIntyre,
a geologist working for the US Geological Survey (USGS), who was dispatched to an
archaeological site in Mexico to date a group of artifacts in the 1970s. This travesty
also illustrates how far established scientists will go to guard orthodox tenets.

McIntyre used state-of-the-art equipment and backed up her results by using four different methods, but
her results were off the chart. The lead archaeologist expected a date of 25,000 years or less, and the
geologist's finding was 250,000 years or more.

The figure of 25,000 years or less was critical to the Bering Strait "crossing" theory, and it was the
motivation behind the head archaeologist's tossing Steen-McIntyre's results in the circular file and asking
for a new series of dating tests. This sort of reaction does not occur when dates match the expected
chronological model that supports accepted theories.

Steen-McIntyre was given a chance to retract her conclusions, but she refused. She found it hard
thereafter to get her papers published and she lost a teaching job at an American university.

Government Suppression and Ethnocentrism:
Avoiding Anomalous Evidence in NZ, China and Mexico

In New Zealand, the government actually stepped in and enacted a law forbidding the public
from entering a controversial archaeological zone. This story appeared in the book,
Ancient Celtic New Zealand, by Mark Doutré.

However, as we will find (and as I promised at the beginning of the article), this is a complicated
conspiracy. Scientists trying to protect their "hallowed" theories while furthering their careers are not the
only ones who want artifacts and data suppressed. This is where the situation gets sticky.

The Waipoua Forest became a controversial site in New Zealand because an archaeological dig apparently
showed evidence of a non-Polynesian culture that preceded the Maori--a fact that the tribe was not happy
with. They learned of the results of the excavations before the general public did and complained to the
government. According to Doutré, the outcome was "an official archival document, which clearly showed
an intention by New Zealand government departments to withhold archaeological information from public
scrutiny for 75 years".

The public got wind of this fiasco but the government denied the claim. However, official documents
show that an embargo had been placed on the site. Doutré is a student of New Zealand history and
archaeology. He is concerned because he says that artifacts proving that there was an earlier culture which
preceded the Maori are missing from museums. He asks what happened to several anomalous remains:

Where are the ancient Indo-European hair samples (wavy red brown hair), originally obtained from a
rock shelter near Watakere, that were on display at the Auckland War Memorial Museum for many
years? Where is the giant skeleton found near Mitimati?

Unfortunately this is not the only such incident. Ethnocentrism has become a factor in the conspiracy to
hide mankind's true history. Author Graham Hancock has been attacked by various ethnic groups for
reporting similar enigmatic findings.

The problem for researchers concerned with establishing humanity's true history is that the goals of
nationalists or ethnic groups who want to lay claim to having been in a particular place first, often dovetail
with the goals of cultural evolutionists.

Archaeologists are quick to go along with suppressing these kinds of anomalous finds.
One reason Egyptologists so jealously guard the Great Pyramid's construction date has to do
with the issue of national pride.

The case of the Takla Makan Desert mummies in western China is another example of this phenomenon.
In the 1970s and 1980s, an unaccounted-for Caucasian culture was suddenly unearthed in China. The arid
environment preserved the remains of a blond-haired, blue-eyed people who lived in pre-dynastic China.
They wore colourful robes, boots, stockings and hats. The Chinese were not happy about this revelation
and they have downplayed the enigmatic find, even though Asians were found buried alongside the
Caucasian mummies.

National Geographic writer Thomas B. Allen mused in a 1996 article about his finding a potsherd bearing
a fingerprint of the potter. When he inquired if he could take the fragment to a forensic anthropologist, the
Chinese scientist asked whether he "would be able to tell if the potter was a white man". Allen said he was
not sure, and the official pocketed the fragment and quietly walked away. It appears that many things get
in the way of scientific discovery and disclosure.

The existence of the Olmec culture in Old Mexico has always posed a problem. Where did the Negroid
people depicted on the colossal heads come from? Why are there Caucasians carved on the stele in what
is Mexico's seed civilisation? What is worse, why aren't the indigenous Mexican people found on the
Olmec artifacts? Recently a Mexican archaeologist solved the problem by making a fantastic claim: that
the Olmec heads--which generations of people of all ethnic groups have agreed bear a striking resemblance
to Africans--were really representations of the local tribe.

Stormtroopers For Darwinism

The public does not seem at all aware of the fact that the scientific establishment has a double standard
when it comes to the free flow of information. In essence, it goes like this... Scientists are highly educated,
well trained and intellectually capable of processing all types of information, and they can make the correct
critical distinctions between fact and fiction, reality and fantasy. The unwashed public is simply incapable
of functioning on this high mental plane.

The noble ideal of the scientist as a highly trained, impartial, apolitical observer and assembler of
established facts into a useful body of knowledge seems to have been shredded under the pressures and
demands of the real world. Science has produced many positive benefits for society; but we should know
by now that science has a dark, negative side. Didn't those meek fellows in the clean lab coats give us
nuclear bombs and biological weapons? The age of innocence ended in World War II.

That the scientific community has an attitude of intellectual superiority is thinly veiled under a carefully
orchestrated public relations guise. We always see Science and Progress walking hand in hand. Science as
an institution in a democratic society has to function in the same way as the society at large; it should be
open to debate, argument and counter-argument. There is no place for unquestioned authoritarianism. Is
modern science meeting these standards?

In the Fall of 2001, PBS aired a seven-part series, titled Evolution. Taken at face value,
that seems harmless enough. However, while the program was presented as pure, objective,
investigative science journalism, it completely failed to meet even minimum standards of
impartial reporting. The series was heavily weighted towards the view that the theory
of evolution is "a science fact" that is accepted by "virtually all reputable scientists
in the world", and not a theory that has weaknesses and strong scientific critics.

The series did not even bother to interview scientists who have criticisms of Darwinism: not "creationists"
but bona fide scientists. To correct this deficiency, a group of 100 dissenting scientists felt compelled to
issue a press release, "A Scientific Dissent on Darwinism", on the day the first program was scheduled to
go to air. Nobel nominee Henry "Fritz" Schaefer was among them. He encouraged open public debate of
Darwin's theory:

Some defenders of Darwinism embrace standards of evidence for evolution that as scientists they would
never accept in other circumstances.

We have seen this same "unscientific" approach applied to archaeology and anthropology, where
"scientists" simply refuse to prove their theories yet appoint themselves as the final arbiters of "the facts".
It would be naive to think that the scientists who cooperated in the production of the series were unaware
that there would be no counter-balancing presentation by critics of Darwin's theory.

Richard Milton is a science journalist. He had been an ardent true believer in Darwinian doctrine until his
investigative instincts kicked in one day. After 20 years of studying and writing about evolution, he
suddenly realised that there were many disconcerting holes in the theory. He decided to try to allay his
doubts and prove the theory to himself by using the standard methods of investigative journalism.

Milton became a regular visitor to London's famed Natural History Museum. He painstakingly put every
main tenet and classic proof of Darwinism to the test. The results shocked him. He found that the theory
could not even stand up to the rigours of routine investigative journalism.

The veteran science writer took a bold step and published a book titled The Facts of Life: Shattering the
Myths of Darwinism. It is clear that the Darwinian myth had been shattered for him, but many more
myths about science would also be crushed after his book came out. Milton says:

I experienced the witch-hunting activity of the Darwinist police at first handÉit was deeply
disappointing to find myself being described by a prominent Oxford zoologist [Richard Dawkins] as
"loony", "stupid" and "in need of psychiatric help" in response to purely scientific reporting.

(Does this sound like stories that came out of the Soviet Union 20 years ago when
dissident scientists there started speaking out?)

Dawkins launched a letter-writing campaign to newspaper editors, implying that Milton was a "mole"
creationist whose work should be dismissed. Anyone at all familiar with politics will recognise this as a
standard Machiavellian by-the-book "character assassination" tactic. Dawkins is a highly respected
scientist, whose reputation and standing in the scientific community carry a great deal of weight.

According to Milton, the process came to a head when the London Times Higher Education Supplement
commissioned him to write a critique of Darwinism. The publication foreshadowed his coming piece:
"Next Week: Darwinism - Richard Milton goes on the attack". Dawkins caught wind of this and wasted no
time in nipping this heresy in the bud. He contacted the editor, Auriol Stevens, and accused Milton of
being a "creationist", and prevailed upon Stevens to pull the plug on the article. Milton learned of this
behind-the-scenes backstabbing and wrote a letter of appeal to Stevens. In the end, she caved in to
Dawkins and scratched the piece.

Imagine what would happen if a politician or bureaucrat used such pressure tactics to kill a story in the
mass media. It would ignite a huge scandal. Not so with scientists, who seem to be regarded as "sacred
cows" and beyond reproach. There are many disturbing facts related to these cases. Darwin's theory of
evolution is the only theory routinely taught in our public school system that has never been subjected to
rigorous scrutiny; nor have any of the criticisms been allowed into the curriculum.

This is an interesting fact, because a recent poll showed that the American public wants the theory of
evolution taught to their children; however, "71 per cent of the respondents say biology teachers should
teach both Darwinism and scientific evidence against Darwinian theory". Nevertheless, there are no plans
to implement this balanced approach.

It is ironic that Richard Dawkins has been appointed to the position of Professor of the Public
Understanding of Science at Oxford University. He is a classic "Brain Police" stormtrooper, patrolling the
neurological front lines. The Western scientific establishment and mass media pride themselves on being
open public forums devoid of prejudice or censorship. However, no television program examining the
flaws and weaknesses of Darwinism has ever been aired in Darwin's home country or in America. A
scientist who opposes the theory cannot get a paper published.

The Mysterious Origins of Man was not a frontal attack on Darwinism; it merely presented evidence that
is considered anomalous by the precepts of his theory of evolution.

Returning to our bastions of intellectual integrity, Forest Mims was a solid and skilled science journalist.
He had never been the centre of any controversy and so he was invited to write the most-read column in
the prestigious Scientific American, "The Amateur Scientist", a task he gladly accepted. According to
Mims, the magazine's editor Jonathan Piel then learned that he also wrote articles for a number of
Christian magazines. The editor called Mims into his office and confronted him.

"Do you believe in the theory of evolution?" Piel asked.

Mims replied, "No, and neither does Stephen Jay Gould."

His response did not affect Piel's decision to bump Mims off the popular column after just three articles.

This has the unpleasant odour of a witch-hunt. The writer never publicly broadcast his private views or
beliefs, so it would appear that the "stormtroopers" now believe they have orders to make sure
"unapproved" thoughts are never publicly disclosed.

Taboo Or Not Taboo?

So, the monitors of "good thinking" are not just the elite of the scientific community, as we have
seen in several cases; they are television producers and magazine editors as well. It seems clear
that they are all driven by the singular imperative of furthering "public science education",
as the president of the Cambrian Institute so aptly phrased it.

However, there is a second item on the agenda, and that is to protect the public from "unscientific"
thoughts and ideas that might infect the mass mind. We outlined some of those taboo subjects at the
beginning of the article; now we should add that it is also "unwholesome" and "unacceptable" to
engage in any of the following research pursuits: paranormal phenomena, UFOs, cold fusion,
free energy and all the rest of the "pseudo-sciences". Does this have a familiar ring to it?
Are we hearing the faint echoes of religious zealotry?

Who ever gave science the mission of engineering and directing the inquisitive pursuits of the citizenry of
the free world? It is all but impossible for any scientific paper that has anti-Darwinian ramifications to be
published in a mainstream scientific journal. It is also just as impossible to get the "taboo" subjects even to
the review table, and you can forget about finding your name under the title of any article in Nature unless
you are a credentialled scientist, even if you are the next Albert Einstein.

To restate how this conspiracy begins, it is with two filters: credentials and peer review. Modern science is
now a maze of such filters set up to promote certain orthodox theories and at the same time filter out that
data already prejudged to be unacceptable. Evidence and merit are not the guiding principles; conformity
and position within the established community have replaced objectivity, access and openness.

Scientists do not hesitate to launch the most outrageous personal attacks against those they perceive to be
the enemy. Eminent palaeontologist Louis Leakey penned this acid one-liner about Forbidden Archeology:
"Your book is pure humbug and does not deserve to be taken seriously by anyone but a fool." Once again,
we see the thrust of a personal attack; the merits of the evidence presented in the book are not examined
or debated. It is a blunt, authoritarian pronouncement.

In a forthcoming instalment, we will examine some more documented cases
and delve deeper into thesubtler dimensions of the conspiracy.

References and Resources:

¥ Cremo, Michael A. and Richard L. Thompson, Forbidden Archeology, Govardhan Hill, USA, 1993.

¥ Cremo, Michael A., "The Controversy over 'The Mysterious Origins of Man'", NEXUS 5/04, 1998;
Forbidden Archeology's Impact, Bhaktivedanta Book Publishing, USA, 1998, website

¥ Doore, Kathy, "The Nazca Spaceport & the Ica Stones of Peru",;
see website for copy of Dr Javier Cabrera's book, The Message of the Engraved Stones.

¥ Doutré, Mark, Ancient Celtic New Zealand, Dé Danann, New Zealand, 1999, website

¥ Milton, Richard, The Facts of Life: Shattering the Myths of Darwinism, Corgi, UK, 1993,

¥ Steen-McIntyre, Virginia, "Suppressed Evidence for Ancient Man in Mexico", NEXUS 5/05, 1998.

¥ Sunfellow, David, "The Great Pyramid & The Sphinx", November 25, 1994, at

¥ Tampa Bay Tribune, October 12, 2001 (Darwinism/evolution quote),


    About the Author:
    Will Hart is a freelance journalist, book author, nature photographer and documentary filmmaker. He lives
    and does much of his research in the Lake Tahoe area in the USA, and writes a column titled "The Tahoe
    Naturalist" for a regional publication. He has produced and directed films about wolves and wild horses.

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